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Half a Century of Systems Studies into Developing the Power Industry in the Soviet Union and Russia: What Next?


В журнале Thermal Engineering (№ 12, vol.67, 2020) опубликована статья
"Half a Century of Systems Studies into Developing the Power Industry in the Soviet Union and Russia: What Next?" научного руководителя ИНЭИ РАН, академика Алексея Макарова.
The centenary of the adoption of the GOELRO Plan2 marked this year is a remarkable date for power engineering. Fifty years later, the comprehensive energy method used to develop the plan became one of the bases of the methodology for system studies into the development of the power industry. The preconditions for the emergence of this methodology are considered and its basic scientific, methodological, and applied results are characterized. The latter are represented in chronological order over two stages of the socio-economic development of the country. During the Soviet period, the theory and basic methods and models were created for system studies into the development of the fuel and energy sector of the country, its industries, and regional subsystems (1970–1980) and their application to the long-term panning of the development of the Soviet Union’s power industry began (1981–1991). These preconditions facilitated the formation of procedures and apparatus for managing the development of the power industry of the reformed Russia (1992–1998). The system study tools adapted to the market conditions were used from 1999 to 2008 to develop the documents for strategically planning the development of the country’s power industry. Theoretically, this activity was continued after the 2009 economic crisis; later, however, it lost its systemic character and did not apply advanced studies into the prospects of the developments of Russia’s economy. Finally, the courses of the development and potential applications of this research area are discussed in alternative, mobilizing or liberal, concepts of the organization of the "future information society" (2035–2050). In this review, publications on the management of the development of large-scale energy systems are considered. The aspects of their optimal functioning are the subject of another review.